Aufbau und Mechanische Eigenschaften von Mischkomponent Polyelektrolytfilmen
- In der vorliegenden Arbeit wurden zwei Themengebiete behandelt. Zum einen wurde der Aufbau und die Zusammensetzung der PE-Filme aus Ein-Komponent- als auch Misch-Komponent-Multilagen und zum anderen die mechanischen und die thermischen Eigenschaften der PE-Filme untersucht.
Das Schichtwachstum der PE-Filme wurde mittels der Ellipsometrie und QCM-D Methoden verfolgt. Die Oberflächentopographie wurde mit AFM untersucht. Messungen an Ein-Komponent-Systemen (PAH/PSS, PAH/PAA sowie PAH/PGA) haben gezeigt, dass die Adsorption eines starken PE auf der Oberfläche zur Ausbildung dünner, glatter Filme mit einer niedrigen Rauigkeit führt. Schwache PE dagegen bilden bei der Adsorption auf der Oberfläche viele Schlaufen aus, wodurch Filme mit hohen Schichtdicken entstehen, deren Oberfläche relativ heterogen und rau ist. Die Untersuchungen an PE-Filmen aus binären Lösungen, die sowohl starke als auch schwache PE enthalten (PAH/PAA-PSS und PAH/PGAx-PSS1-x), zeigten, dass die Schichtdicke und die Morphologie der Filme durch Variation der PE-Zusammensetzung genau angepasst und somit präzise kontrolliert werden können. Messungen ergaben, dass (PAH/PAA-PSS)-Filme mit wachsendem PSS-Anteil in der gemischten PA-Lösung zunehmend dünner und homogener werden. Nach 100 Doppellagen kann die Schichtdicke dieser Filme ohne Verwendung des zusätzlichen Salzes zwischen 31 nm und 392 nm und die Oberflächenrauigkeit zwischen 6 nm und 42 nm variiert werden. Außerdem wurde gezeigt, dass sich das Schichtwachstum der (PAH/PGAx-PSS1-x)-Filme mit der Erhöhung des molaren Anteiles der PGA Monomere in der PA-Lösung vom linearen zum exponentiellen ändert.
Ferner wurde mit Hilfe der UV-Vis und ATR-FTIR Spektroskopie die Filmzusammensetzung der (PAH/PAA-PSS)- und (PAH/PGAx-PSS1-x)-Filme bestimmt. Aus den Messungen ging hervor, dass die Verwendung der PE-Mischungen eine genaue Anpassung der Filmzusammensetzung ermöglicht. Im Fall des PAH/PAA-PSS Systems wächst die PSS-Menge im Film stetig mit steigendem PSS-Massenanteil in der PA-Lösung, wobei unter 70 Gew.-% PSS in der PA-Lösung die adsorbierte Menge an PSS im Film jeweils höher ist als der PSS-Anteil in der Lösung. Beim (PAH/PGAx-PSS1-x)-System steigt der molare PGA-Anteil im Film nahezu linear mit steigendem molarem PGA-Anteil in der gemischten PGA/PSS-Lösung (x). Es findet sich eine starke Adsorptionspräferenz von PGA über PSS für (PAH/PGAx-PSS1-x)-Filme mit x ≤ 0,5. Bei den Filmen mit x > 0,5 ist die Zusammensetzung des Filmes nah an der Zusammensetzung der Lösung.
Die Betonung bei dieser Arbeit lag auf der Bestimmung der mechanischen Eigenschaften der gemischten (PAH/PGAx-PSS1-x)-Filme. Die elastischen Konstanten dieser Filme wurden mit zwei Methoden untersucht: SIEBIMM-Methode und Colloidal-Probe-AFM-Technik. Aus den Messungen folgte, dass mit steigendem molarem Anteil der PGA Monomere in der gemischten PA-Lösung der resultierende PE-Film weicher wurde. Der Elastizitätsmodul ist um zwei Größenordnungen kleiner für Filme mit x ≥ 0,75 als für Filme mit x ≤ 0,5, wobei der Übergang bei einem Mischungsverhältnis von ca. x = 0,7 erfolgt. Es wurde gezeigt, dass durch die Änderung des molaren Anteiles an PGA Monomere in der PA-Lösung von 0,5 auf 0,75 die mechanischen Eigenschaften der (PAH/PGAx-PSS1-x)-Filme über einen weiten Bereich von 0,7 GPa bis 6 MPa variiert werden können.
Außerdem wurde mittels Colloidal-Probe-AFM in einer Luftfeuchtigkeitszelle am (PAH/PGAx-PSS1-x)-Film mit x = 0,88 der Einfluss der Luftfeuchtigkeit auf die elastischen Eigenschaften untersucht. Es wurde gezeigt, dass die mechanischen Eigenschaften durch die Veränderung der relativen Luftfeuchtigkeit über einen weiten Bereich variiert werden können. Der Elastizitätsmodul kann von wenigen MPa bei der relativen Luftfeuchtigkeit von 80 % auf Hunderte von MPa bei der relativen Luftfeuchtigkeit von 12,5 % erhöht werden.
Kalorimetrische Untersuchungen an (PAH/PGAx-PSS1-x)-Komplexen liefern keine aufschlussreichen Ergebnisse. DSC Messungen haben lediglich gezeigt, dass es eine geringe Verschiebung in der Anfangstemperatur von -22,4°C auf -21,9°C mit steigendem molaren Anteil der PGA Monomere in PA-Lösung gibt. Für besseres Verständnis der thermischen Eigenschaften müssen bei diesem System noch weitere Untersuchungen, wie z. B. feuchtigkeitsabhängigen Messungen durchgeführt werden. Dadurch könnte das Quellverhalten dieser Filme näher untersucht werden.
Synthesis and Combinatorial Optimization of Novel Star-Shaped Resist Materials for Lithographic Applications
- Gordon Earle Moore predicted in the mid-1960s the cost-efficient doubling of transistors’ number on integrated circuits every two years – known as Moore’s Law. Leading companies orientates by the development of integrated circuits on this Moore’s Law and contributed to this prediction to come true up to the present. In so doing, the semiconductor industry drafts every two years aims to fulfill this prediction summarized in the so-called International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS). The ITRS lists guidelines for cost-effective progresses in performance of integrated circuits, e.g. design of integrated circuits, advancements of exposure tools and exposure techniques, and closely correlated resist materials. This thesis deals with the development of new resist materials and their combinatorial investigation concerning the performance in lithographic patterning.
The lithographic patterning procedure is a sequence of multiple processing steps and thus this procedure involves many processing variables interacting strongly with each other. For understanding and comprehensive investigation of such multi-variable dependent systems the development and implementation of combinatorial approaches were in the focus of this thesis. Furthermore this thesis is focused on the synthesis of new tailored resist materials for lithographic patterning. Star topology was the selected polymer architecture of this new resist material realized via the core-first atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) technique. The lithographic performance of electron beam lithography patterning was investigated for the resulting randomly distributed star terpolymers and star block copolymers by combinatorial libraries in view of features’ quality.
The first chapter deals with developed, adapted, and improved combinatorial techniques for thin film investigations in general and utilized for lithographic patterning investigations in particular. The lithographic patterning procedure of chemically amplified resist systems consists of various steps: film preparation, post apply bake (PAB) to remove residual solvent, exposure, post exposure bake (PEB) to activate the catalytic reaction, and development. For this rather complex process variable gradients were developed and adapted for each processing step to investigate and optimize the performance of especially new resist systems. For the film preparation a method was developed to prepare an internal material composition gradient. This was realized by a gradient extrudate prepared using two individual controllable syringe pumps and subsequent doctor-blading. The material composition gradient was verified by high performance liquid chromatography. The second (PAB) and also the fourth (PEB) processing step are both annealing processes of the resist film although they serve different purposes. For the investigation of such annealing processes temperature gradients were prepared adjustable in temperature range and temperature slope. This adjustability is ensured by the active heating and the active cooling source and also by the gap and the type of metal plate. For the third step exposure methods were developed to realize defined exposure dose gradients in very small areas of the resist film. Different exposure dose gradients were designed for photolithography as well as for electron beam lithography. For the latter case this dose gradient was programmed in the pattern design using the software which controls the electron beam during the exposure process. The dose gradient for photolithography investigations was realized by a special designed shadow mask. For the last processing step development a preliminary screening of the dissolubility conditions of the resist film was established utilizing quartz crystal microbalances. Based on this measured dissolubility behavior the time frame was set for development time gradients performed by a stepwise or continuously immersion of the resist films. Lastly two to three variable gradients were combined to binary or ternary combinatorial libraries, respectively. The ternary combinatorial libraries allow the investigation of three variables of the lithographic patterning process in one experiment. Thus it is possible to optimize a resist material system fast and efficiently in respect to resist performance.
In the second chapter a star-shaped teroligomer is reported as new high potential resist type for lithographic patterning purposes. The polymerization was carried out via the core-first ATRP route using a functionalized saccharose with eight initiating sites as core. Four star-shaped teroligomers were synthesized with varying target arm lengths. In addition a saccharose molecule was synthesized with an average number of 3.5 initiating sites and thus a star oligomer was realized with a reduced arm number but an identical core and similar arm length. As reference resist material a linear model oligomer was synthesized using ethyl 2-bromoisobutyrate as initiator. For all polymers narrow monomodal distributions were detected with polydispersity index values of lower than 1.1. Based on calibration polymerizations runs the monomer feed of the three used monomers was adapted to achieve targeted monomer incorporations for all teroligomers. The targeted monomer incorporation was copied from a currently industrially used linear teroligomer. One star oligomer was selected as proof of principle for the utilization of the star architecture for lithographic purposes. This new resist material was combinatorial investigated in a ternary library and thus optimized in one experiment concerning exposure dose, PEB temperature, and development time. The optimized patterns with a feature size of 100 nm and an excellent line edge roughness (LER) value of 3.1 nm were observed.
The last chapter of this thesis demonstrates the straight forward advancement of the star-shaped resist material reported in chapter two. The statistical monomer incorporation was exchanged by the introduction of the tailored star block copolymer architecture. This architecture was synthesized for the first time via the core-first ATRP route by full conversion of a first polar monomer and in-situ polymerization of additionally added nonpolar monomer. The successful syntheses were indicated by contact angle measurements showing increased hydrophobicity of star block copolymers in contrast to random star copolymers with the same monomer incorporation. The star block copolymers exhibited also enhanced dissolubility behavior characterized by quartz crystal microbalance measurements. Furthermore they demonstrated an up to eight times increased sensitivity at their lithographic application in contrast to the synthesized reference linear copolymer. The most promising star block copolymer was selected to investigate its lithographic performance. The optimization was performed in a ternary combinatorial library based on the gradient variables exposure dose and feature size, PEB temperature, and development time. The optimized pattern of clear lines and a feature size of 66 nm was observed with a LER value of 6 nm.
To conclude, different tailored star-shaped terpolymers were synthesized using the ATRP core-first route and successfully applied in the lithographic patterning process for the first time. In addition the combinatorial optimization offers the absolutely promising potential of utilizing these star shaped resist materials by the demonstrated brilliant LER values, the achieved extremely high sensitivity, and the fast and efficient development of clear 66 nm lines.
Polyelectrolyte Coatings with Internal Hierarchy
- The results presented in this thesis are focused on the surface modification by polyelectrolytes and polyelectrolyte copolymers. The internal structural hierarchy originate thereby from the self-assembly processes at different length scales. To generate different levels of hierarchy, the coatings were constructed by using either the layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition method (lateral chemical structure), the adsorption of supramolecular aggregates (lateral topographycal structure), or the combination of both. Using these techniques, one can control the properties of the coatings by varying the chemical structure of the polyelectrolytes, for instance, their charge density, thus providing a convenient way for their functionalization and the ability to tune properties of the surface. Therefore, we were working with systems which have variable charge densities. With this approach, we were able to produce thin and ultrathin nanostructured films with tunable properties and functionality.
Structural analysis of nanoparticles by small angles X-ray scattering
Christophe N. Rochette
- The objective of this work was to analyze nano-scaled particles by the combination of small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS), electron microscopy (TEM and cryo-TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS). Two systems with totally di_erent morphologies and compositions have been investigated: spherical particles of calcium-phosphate-protein complexes and hamburgers of semi-crystalline polybutadiene/polyethylene nanoparticles.
The study of the calcium-phosphate-protein complexes consisted in looking for the influence of a protein, Fetuin-A, also called ahsg, onto the calci_cation at early stage. For the purpose, calcium and phosphate ions were mixed with or without the presence of Fetuin-A in a buffr solution of pH=7.4. In a first step, DLS measurements were realized to better appreciate the effect of the total weight percentage of Ca2+ and PO43- ions. These experiments, withtout addition of ahsg, demonstrated that for a lower weight fraction, the particles formed are smaller. Studies with addition of Fetuin-A affected the calcification during the first minute of this process. The early formation of calcium phosphate complexes has been successfully followed by TR-SAXS. A very fast nucleation of nanoparticles within 1 second has been detected. For the first time, the role of the glycoprotein Fetuin-A at the very early stage of calcification has been qualitatively highlighted: ahsg inhibits the aggregation of calcium phosphate particles. Thus, Fetuin-A plays an important role in the fetal serum in the pre-formation of the skeleton of Vertebrates. This study demonstrated that a physiological concentration of this glycoprotein (15 µM) is suffcient to completely inhibit the aggregation of calcium phosphate particles.
Freely suspended nanoparticles of syndiotactic polybutadiene have been studied. By using the combination of cryo-TEM and SAXS, it has been shown that they consist of remarkably thin polymer crystalline lamella. Different models have been compared in order to theoretically fit the experimental SAXS data: homogeneous and heterogeneous (two and three different electron densities within one particle) nanoparticles. The presence of amorphous and crystalline polybutadiene has been demonstrated by the X-ray diffraction. The necessity of using an additional layer of SDS for the modeling is explained by the abundancy of SDS added after the synthesis of the polybutadiene particles (weight ratio ca. 1:1) and by the modeling of the SAXS theoretical intensities which were not sufficient without taking into account the presence of SDS. After the formation of semi-crystalline nanoparticles of PE, these new nanoparticles open a new route to the synthesis of nanopolymers of interesting physico-chemical properties such as semi-conductors or photovoltaic compounds.
Finally, in contrast to recent literature on bulk polyethylene (PE), this thesis investigated freely suspended nanoparticles of PE. As suggested by Weber and coworkers, the combination of SAXS and cryo-TEM has been used for this study. The structure of individual PE nanocrystals has been determined in detail and an improved model of the form factor (SAXS) has been developped in close collaboration with Priv.-Doz. Dr. Ludger Harnau. The second part of this thesis mainly deals with the annealing of these PE particles. For the first time, it is shown that the effect of the annealing process results in a doubling of the crystalline layer of the PE nanoparticles. This behaviour could be traced back to the unlooping of the PE chains. In addition, a linear relationship between the reciprocal of the crystalline layer and the annealing temperature has been experimentally drawn. This line was predicted by the Gibbs-Thomson equation according to the literature. This result is important because it allows controlling the crystalline thickness and physical properties of the system, by the temperature.
Light Harvesting using Metal-Organic and Organic Sensitizers in Hybrid Solar Cells: Synthesis, Characterisation and Application
- This thesis addresses the question how to improve light harvesting with novel tailor-made metal-organic and organic sensitizers for solid-state hybrid solar cell applications. Two approaches are in the focus: 1) the design and synthesis of sensitizers featuring high extinction coefficients over a broad wavelength range and 2) modern device concepts to further enhance or extend the absorption by the combination of two sensitizers. In short: The primary goal was to broaden and boost the optical density of hybrid solar cells. To reach this, novel sensitizer with extended conjugated π-system providing excellent optical properties had to be designed and synthesised in complex multi-step reaction sequences. For ideal sensitizers, further aspects had to be taken into account such as structural demands, electronic properties, and the tendency towards aggregation.
The first part of this thesis deals with the synthesis, characterisation and application of a series of metal-organic ruthenium(II) donor-antenna complexes. In addition to the typically broad absorption of Ru(II)bis(bipyridyl)(NCS)2 complexes in the blue-green region arising from MLCT, these dyes feature much higher extinction coefficients in comparison to a commercially available reference dye lacking any donor-antenna groups. By the application of these Ru(II) complexes in solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells, we found a clear structure-property relationship. The performance - especially the photocurrent density - was significantly improved with increasing extension of the delocalized system of the donor-antenna groups.
To further boost the optical density in hybrid solar cells sensitized with a donor-antenna ruthenium dye (Ru-TPA-NCS), we developed an innovative and technically relevant concept for multichromophore sensitization involving a second sensitizer (TPD-dye). The latter absorbs in a region where Ru-TPA-NCS absorbs weakly. The solar cells were fabricated according to a novel method developed by us. However, the power conversion efficiencies of multichromophore hybrid blend solar cells were initially low due the weak interconnectivity of the TiO2 particles. This issue was addressed by an optimization of the TiO2:spiro-OMeTAD ratio and the addition of PCBM
A further concept dealing with the combination of two sensitizers in solid-state dye-sensitized solar cell was accomplished by co-sensitization of a triphenyldiamine-based dye (TPD-dye) absorbing in the blue region and squaraine dye (SQ-dye) mainly absorbing the red part of the visible spectrum. In this way, the optical response of the device was extended up to 700 nm. Under optimized conditions, a conversion efficiency of 2.41 % could be reached.
To accomplish the desired panchromaticity or even an extension of the absorption up to the NIR region with a single sensitizer, novel BODIPY dyes with excellent optical properties were designed and synthesised. We prepared BODIPYs with donor-groups to extend the delocalized system and integrated a meso-ethynyl bridge between the BODIPY core and the anchoring group to improve the electronic connection between them. For comparison, we synthesised the corresponding BODIPYs without donor-moieties and without ethynyl bridge. The multi-step synthetic routes were optimized, the mechanism of the donor-attachment was clarified and the introduction of the ethynylphenyl group in the meso-position was accomplished for the first time. The optical characterisation of the compounds disclosed an impressively broad and intensive spectral response, especially for a meso-ethynylphenyl BODIPY with donor-groups. This dye absorbs up to 1030 nm with high extinction coefficients. This makes suitable functionalised BODIPYs promising candidates for solar cell applications.
The next part took advantage of the excellent optical properties of BODIPYs and expanded the topic towards the concept of energy transfer. Here, an unattached energy donor dye provides additional adsorption and transfers the energy to a sensitizing acceptor dye. Indeed, for appropriate combinations an additional contribution to the external quantum efficiency was found in the absorption region of the energy donor dye.
Furthermore, a review chapter covering all aspects of dye-sensitized solar cells and the sensitizers is added as appendix.
In summary, this thesis presents the successful design, synthesis and characterisation of both metal-organic and organic sensitizers including ruthenium complexes, triphenyldiamine-based dyes, a squaraine sensitizer and BODIPY dyes. The sensitizers (either individually or in combination with complementary sensitizers) provide excellent optical properties for the application in solar cells. The applicability of these sensitizers was successfully demonstrated in standard solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells, in newly developed multichromophore hybrid blend solar cells, co-sensitized solar cells and in solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells taking advantage of energy transfer.
Effects of copper on calcium metabolism and detoxification mechanisms in freshwater bivalve species of Anodonta
- Copper (Cu) is one of the metals contaminating European fresh water ecosystems. Filter feeding bivalves have high bioaccumulation potential for transition metals as Cu. While copper is an essential micronutrient for living organisms, it causes serious metabolic and physiological impairments when in excess.
The objectives of this thesis are to get knowledge on toxic effects and detoxification mechanisms of copper in Anodonta cygnea and Anodonta anatina, two mussel species widely distributed in continental waters. Because Ca plays a fundamental role in shell formation and in numerous biological processes, Cu2+ effects on cellular plasma membrane calcium transport were studied first. In the second step, the investigations focused on Cu2+ detoxification mechanism involving cysteine (Cys) rich compounds known to play a major role in homeostasis of essential trace metals and in cellular metal detoxification.
Under our experimental conditions, copper inhibition of Ca2+-ATPase activity was observed in the gills and the kidneys, and inhibition of Na+/K+-ATPase in the gills and the digestive gland (DG) upon 4 d of exposure to 0.35 micro mol/L Cu2+. At day 7 of exposure to environmental Cu2+ concentrations total recoveries was observed in the kidneys and the gills for Ca2+-ATPase activity, and in the DG for Na+/K+-ATPase, but not at high doses. Ca and Na transport inhibition may entail disturbance of osmo-regulation and lead to continuous under-supply of Ca. Recoveries of Na+/K+-ATPase and Ca2+-ATPase enzymes function suggest that metal-detoxification is induced.
Phytochelatins (PC) are Cys-rich oligopeptides synthesised by phytochelatin synthase from glutathione in plants and fungi. Phytochelatin synthase genes have recently been identified in invertebrates; this allows us to hypothesize a role of PC in metal detoxification in animals.
In the second part of this work, PC and their precursors as well as metallothionein were analyzed in the gills and in the DG of Anodonta cygnea exposed to Cu2+. Our results showed for the first time the presence of PC2-4 in invertebrates. PC were detected in control mussels not exposed to metal, suggesting a role in essential metal homeostasis. Compared to control, PC2 induction was observed during the first 12 h of Cu2+ exposure. Those results confirm the role of PC as a first line detoxification mechanism in A. cygnea.
Crystalline-core micelles based on triblock terpolymers with polyethylene middle blocks
- This thesis is focused on the crystallization-induced structure formation of polyethylene containing triblock terpolymers in organic solvents to surface-compartmentalized worm-like crystalline-core micelles (wCCMs). Obtaining profound knowledge of the parameters controlling the self-assembly process allowed the production of a variety of complex one-dimensional micellar architectures with many potential applications, such as adaptive surfactants.
At first, the basic parameters that control the crystallization-induced self-assembly were explored using symmetric polystyrene-block-polyethylene-block-poly(methyl methacrylate) (PS-b-PE-b-PMMA) triblock terpolymers and a PS-b-PE-b-PS triblock copolymer. In good solvents for the PE block, e.g. THF and toluene, the selective formation of wCCMs was observed over a wide range of concentration, applied crystallization temperature and polymer composition. Whereas wCCMs produced by PS-b-PE-b-PS showed a homogeneous PS corona, a patch-like compartmentalization of the corona was observed if the micelles were formed by PS-b-PE-b-PMMA. As THF shows equal solvent quality for both corona blocks, wCCMs with almost alternating PS and PMMA compartments of about 15 nm were observed in this solvent. However, if structure formation was conducted in bad solvents for PE, such as dioxane or dimethylacetamide, spherical micelles with amorphous PE cores were formed already before crystallization. Hence, the subsequent crystallization of PE resulted in spherical CCMs with a patchy or a homogeneous corona depending on the used triblock. These findings allow the highly selective production of stable spherical or worm-like CCMs from the same polymer.
As the corona structure of the patchy micelles self-assembled from triblock terpolymers was mainly deduced from transmission electron microscopy (TEM) performed on dried samples, a small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) study was performed in order to elucidate the morphology in solution. Therefore a partly deuterated triblock terpolymer was synthesized and measured at different contrasts to allow the selective detection of the different corona compartments. The resulting SANS curves could be interpreted using a form factor model for core-shell cylinders with alternating PS and PMMA hemishells including interparticle interactions, thus validating the TEM observations. Notably, Janus-type and patchy cylinders can be clearly distinguished using the applied form factor model.
Moreover, the controlled formation of wCCMs with tunable corona composition and structure was achieved using the cocrystallization of different triblock copolymers. Via random cocrystallization of PS-b-PE-b-PMMA and PS-b-PE-b-PS the corona morphology could be tuned continuously from a mixed corona at low PMMA content over spherical PMMA patches of increasing number and size to alternating PS and PMMA patches. This approach allows to manufacture wCCMs with predefined corona structure omitting the need to synthesize a new tailor-made triblock terpolymer for every desired morphology.
By establishing the controlled crystallization-driven self-assembly of triblock terpolymers with PE middle blocks, it was further possible to prepare wCCMs with predefined average lengths up to 500 nm and length polydispersities as low as Lw/Ln = 1.1. Here, self-assembled spherical CCMs of PS-b-PE-b-PS were used as seeds for the controlled growth of PS-b-PE-b-PS unimers. Upon further addition of PS-b-PE-b-PMMA unimers these grew epitaxially onto the preexisting wCCMs, resulting in triblock co-micelles that consisted of middle blocks with a homogeneous PS corona and outer blocks with alternating PS/PMMA compartments. These structures represent not only the first block co-micelles including blocks with a patchy corona, but also the first ones produced from purely organic block copolymers.
In view of application, the ability of patchy wCCMs formed by PS-b-PE-b-PMMA to stabilize interfaces was investigated using pendant-drop tensiometry. The observed reduction of the interfacial tension at the toluene/water interface was significantly higher than that of comparable triblock terpolymer single chains and that of wCCMs with a homogeneous PS corona. Interestingly, the obtained equilibrium interfacial tension equaled that of Janus cylinders with similar dimensions. To explain this unexpected finding the corona chains were proposed to adapt to the interface via selective collapse and shielding of the incompatible part of the corona chains. Studying wCCMs formed by several triblock terpolymers with different compositions, the interfacial activity was found to increase with increasing overall length of the corona chains, and to a certain extent with the molar fraction of PS units in the corona.