- Novel Group 4 Metal Amido Complexes - syntheses, reactivity and olefin polymerization catalysis (2012)
- A series of amine functionalized electron rich aminopyridinato ligands was synthesized by the methodology developed by Fort and coworkers and subsequent Ulmann thermal amination. In addition to this some tripodal ligands containing nitrogen donor functionalities were also synthesized. The corresponding titanium and hafnium complexes of these ligands were synthesized using the amine / diethyl-ammonium chloride / toluene elimination and salt metathesis routes. These compl-exes were characterized by NMR and elemental analysis. Many of these complexes have been studied on the basis of structure and their catalytic potential was investigated. The overall evaluation of this work tells about the electrophilicity of the metal centre and the steric and electronic effects of the ligand. Mono Ap di / trichloride complexes of titanium were synthesized by amine / diethyl-ammonium chloride elimination and salt metathesis routes by reacting the corresponding ligand with diethylamido titanium trichloride or titanium tetrachloride respectively. The structural investigation of these complexes gives insight into the more electron donating capability of the aminopyridinato ligands. These complexes were found moderatly active for ethylene and styrene polymerization when activated with d-MAO giving syndiotactic polystyrene of high molecular weight and aluminum terminated polyethylene. The low activity of these complexes was attributed to the ligand transfer to aluminum during catalysis. Mono Ap trialkyl hafnium complexes were synthesized by reacting the respective aminopyridinato ligand with tetrabenzyl hafnium at room temperature. Some of these complexes were studied by single crystal X- ray analysis. These complexes have shown very low activity towards ethylene polymerization when activated with d-MAO probably due to very fast ligand transfer to aluminum. The low temperature NMR investigations of these complexes indicate the η3-coordination of one benzyl with hafnium metal centre. To overcome the problem of ligand transfer during catalysis, we synthesized the tri-podal ligands containing nitrogen donors either by Pd2(DBA)3 / DPPP catalysed cross coupling reactions or by Ni(o) / 2, 2 -bipyridine catalyst system followed by thermal amination. The titanium trichloride complexes of these ligands were synthesized by reacting the respective tripodal ligand with [Et2NTiCl3] at room temperature. The titanium complexes containing tripodal ligands were found less active towards ethyl-ene polymerization.