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- 2007 (11) (remove)

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#### Keywords

- Kombinatorik (4)
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- ganzzahlige Abstände (4)
- integral distances (4)
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#### Institute

- Mathematik (11) (remove)

- Measure and Integration on Lipschitz-Manifolds (2007)
- The first part of this paper is concerned with various definitions of a k-dimensional Lipschitz-manifold and a discussion of the equivalence of these definitions. The second part is then devoted to the geometrically intrinsic construction of a sigma-algebra L of subsets of the manifold and a measure on L.

- Integral point sets over Z_n^m (2007)
- There are many papers studying properties of point sets in the Euclidean space or on integer grids, with pairwise integral or rational distances. In this article we consider the distances or coordinates of the point sets which instead of being integers are elements of Z_n, and study the properties of the resulting combinatorial structures.

- There are integral heptagons, no three points on a line, no four on a circle (2007)
- We give two configurations of seven points in the plane, no three points in a line, no four points on a circle with pairwise integral distances. This answers a famous question of Paul Erdös.

- On the minimum diameter of plane integral point sets (2007)
- Since ancient times mathematicians consider geometrical objects with integral side lengths. We consider plane integral point sets P, which are sets of n points in the plane with pairwise integral distances where not all the points are collinear. The largest occurring distance is called its diameter. Naturally the question about the minimum possible diameter d(2,n) of a plane integral point set consisting of n points arises. We give some new exact values and describe state-of-the-art algorithms to obtain them. It turns out that plane integral point sets with minimum diameter consist very likely of subsets with many collinear points. For this special kind of point sets we prove a lower bound for d(2,n) achieving the known upper bound n^{c_2loglog n} up to a constant in the exponent.

- Lotsize optimization leading to a p-median problem with cardinalities (2007)
- We consider the problem of approximating the branch and size dependent demand of a fashion discounter with many branches by a distributing process being based on the branch delivery restricted to integral multiples of lots from a small set of available lot-types. We propose a formalized model which arises from a practical cooperation with an industry partner. Besides an integer linear programming formulation and a primal heuristic for this problem we also consider a more abstract version which we relate to several other classical optimization problems like the p-median problem, the facility location problem or the matching problem.

- Inclusion-maximal integral point sets over finite fields (2007)
- We consider integral point sets in affine planes over finite fields. Here an integral point set is a set of points in $GF(q)^2$ where the formally defined Euclidean distance of every pair of points is an element of $GF(q)$. From another point of view we consider point sets over $GF(q)^2$ with few and prescribed directions. So this is related to Redeis work. Another motivation comes from the field of ordinary integral point sets in Euclidean spaces. In this article we study the spectrum of integral point sets over $GF(q)^2$ which are maximal with respect to inclusion. We give some theoretical results, constructions, conjectures, and some numerical data.

- Integral point sets over finite fields (2007)
- We consider point sets in the affine plane GF(q)^2 where each Euclidean distance of two points is an element of GF(q). These sets are called integral point sets and were originally defined in m-dimensional Euclidean spaces. We determine their maximal cardinality I(GF(q),2). For arbitrary commutative rings R instead of GF(q) or for further restrictions as no three points on a line or no four points on a circle we give partial results. Additionally we study the geometric structure of the examples with maximum cardinality.

- Enumeration of integral tetrahedra (2007)
- We determine the numbers of integral tetrahedra with diameter d up to isomorphism for all d<=1000 via computer enumeration. Therefore we give an algorithm that enumerates the integral tetrahedra with diameter at most d in O(d^5) time and an algorithm that can check the canonicity of a given integral tetrahedron with at most 6 integer comparisons. For the number of isomorphism classes of integral 4x4 matrices with diameter d fulfilling the triangle inequalities we derive an exact formula.

- Nilmanifolds: complex structures, geometry and deformations (2007)
- We consider nilmanifolds with left-invariant complex structure and prove that in the generic case small deformations of such structures are again left-invariant. The relation between nilmanifolds and iterated principal holomorphic torus bundles is clarified and we give criteria under which deformations in the large are again of such type. As an application we obtain a fairly complete picture in dimension three. We show by example that the Frölicher spectral sequence of a nilmanifold may be arbitrarily non degenerate thereby answering a question mentioned in the book of Griffith and Harris. On our way we prove Serre Duality for Lie algebra Dolbeault cohomology and classify complex structures on nilpotent Lie algebras with small commutator subalgebra. MS Subject classification: 32G05; (32G08, 17B30, 53C30, 32C10)

- Zwei auf einen Streich: Optimierte dynamische Einsatzplanung für Gelbe Engel und Lastenaufzüge (2007)
- Wir modellieren zwei verschiedene dynamische Einsatzplanungsprobleme: die dynamische Einsatzplanung Gelber Engel beim ADAC und die Steuerung von Lastenaufzügen in einem Versandlager der Herlitz PBS AG. Wir benutzen eine Reoptimierungspolitik, die die Steuerung des Systems mit Hilfe der Lösung von statischen Schnappschussproblemen durchführt. Für die auftretenden Schnappschussprobleme vergleichen wir zwei Modellierungsansätze (Flussmodell versus Tourenmodell), von denen nur einer echtzeittauglich ist. Das Verfahren zur dynamischen Einsatzplanung Gelber Engel ist beim ADAC in Betrieb.