Die Ahnen essen keinen Reis: Vom lokalen Umgang mit einem Bewässerungsprojekt am Fuße des Kilimanjaro in Tansania

This work is a result of the research project „Irrigation at Mt. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania,“ which was embedded in the Humanities Collaborative Research Centre “Local Action in Africa in the Context of Global Influences” at Bayreuth University. The author investigates how the local population of the plains south of Mt. Kilimanjaro is dealing with the influences of the Japanese assisted “Lower Moshi Irrigation Project” (LMIP), which established paddy cultivation in that area. After the introduction oThis work is a result of the research project „Irrigation at Mt. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania,“ which was embedded in the Humanities Collaborative Research Centre “Local Action in Africa in the Context of Global Influences” at Bayreuth University. The author investigates how the local population of the plains south of Mt. Kilimanjaro is dealing with the influences of the Japanese assisted “Lower Moshi Irrigation Project” (LMIP), which established paddy cultivation in that area. After the introduction of the multi-ethnic village Chekereni, which is the centre of the LMIP and the base of an 18 months field research, the author examines local irrigation knowledge, focussing on the Kahe, the Chagga and Pare but also taking other East African societies into account, which practice irrigation or paddy production. This local knowledge is used as a reference to compare local practices with the new influence of the LMIP. The establishment of local knowledge together with a detailed study of the various actors involved in the LMIP enables a sound analysis of the way the local population is dealing with the LMIP. The result is that there are as well contradictions between the local concepts of irrigation and the LMIP as forms of appropriation of different aspects of paddy cultivation in various domains of the local society. Contradictions can result in water conflicts, contradictions of different concepts of water management, economy or legal concepts. Appropriation can take the form of technical appropriation, social appropriation or even selective appropriation whereby the LMIP is considered as a form of booty. The contradictions and processes of appropriation are interpreted as two complementing parts of dealing with the new whereby the solving of contradictions can lead to appropriation or conflicts, depending on how the new influence effects the live of the local population and which means the local population has to pursue their interests.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Institutes:Facheinheit Ethnologie
Author: Jigal Beez
Year of Completion:2005
Series (Volume number)Bayreuth African Studies Working Papers (2 (2005))
SWD-Keyword:Afrika-Studien; Afrikaforschung; Entwicklungspolitik; Globalisierung
Tag:Bewässerungswirtschaft; Ethnologie; Kilimanjaro; Kulturanthropologie; Lokales Handeln
African Studies; Globalization; Local Agency; anthropology; development sociology
Dewey Decimal Classification:390 Bräuche, Etikette, Folklore
RVK - Regensburg Classification:RS 59363
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:703-opus-1681
Document Type:Book
Language:German
Date of Publication (online):18.08.2005